The gospel of Luke is the most Marian gospel. It provides the five joyful mysteries: the Annunciation, the Visitation, the Nativity, the Presentation, and the Finding of Jesus in the Temple. Luke says that he “investigated everything accurately anew.” He must have spoken to Mary about the birth of Our Lord.
As Jesus on the cross gives his mother to “the beloved disciple,” he gives him to every beloved disciple. As Luke writes his gospel to “Theophilus,” he writes it to every lover of God. Luke, an apostle of Paul, writes his gospel that we may realize the certainty of the teachings that we have received, that written tradition may affirm oral tradition.
We find one strength for our faith in chapter four. Jesus prepares for his temptation with forty days of fasting. Moses fasted and gave the old law; Jesus fasts and gives the new law. The living Word, Christ Himself, combats the devil with the written Word.
Jesus leaves the wilderness filled with the Spirit and enters the synagogue of his childhood. He teaches, and everyone praises him. He reads from Isaiah that he has come to bring glad tidings to the poor, liberty to captives, and sight to the blind. After he finishes reading, he sits down to teach ex cathedra. The crowd looks intently at him. He explains that He himself is the homily, the fulfillment, the explication of the prophecy. Filled with wrath, the crowd takes him to a mountaintop to throw him off, but He walks away through the crowd and escapes.
The Savior is the Teacher. When he reads the prophesy from Isaiah, we learn that we must be poor in spirit and meek of heart in order to receive riches. The Son fulfills the law, ushers in the new covenant, marries the widows, and adopts the orphans. He frees us from the bondage and the blindness of sin.