A friend told me once: “Mary is NOT the Mother of God, that’s blasphemous!” Very calmly, I answered him: “Tell me then, WHO is Jesus Christ?”
Should Mary be called ‘Mother of God?’ This was the question Thomas Aquinas asked in Article 4 of Question 35 in Part 3 of his Summa.
Early heretics in the 10-12th century argued that Mary gave birth only to Christ’s human nature and not His divine nature. See how this heretical position was already present during medieval times? This is why it is so important to know our history!
“Human mothers give birth not to natures, but to persons. In Mary’s case, the person of Christ, who possessed both Divine and Human Nature.”
Aquinas further notes,
“We do not find it in Scripture that the Blessed Virgin is the Mother of God, yet we do find it expressively said that Jesus Christ is TRUE GOD (1 John 5:20) and that the Blessed Virgin is Mother of Jesus Christ (Matt 1:18). Therefore from the words of Scripture, it follows from NECESSITY that she is the Mother of God.”
Simple and brilliant logic. Tinkering with Marian dogma tinkers with Christ Himself (thus, my answer to my friend).
That being said, one must note that when the Catholic Church confers the title Mother of God on Mary, we do not mean that she is superior or equal to God. Mary is still a creature (duh!). However, she was the SUBJECT OF UNION between God and Man.
This title is thus fitting for a Blessed woman like her. This is why Luke says ‘All generations will call her Blessed!’ (Lk 1:46-49). And why shouldn’t we, when her ‘Yes’ to God brought Christ into the world!
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